victim costs 65%
sexual assault 20%
justice system 6%
social services 4%
impact on children 3%
other third party costs 2%
The abuser has threatened to kill her if she leaves, or to kill himself, or to kill the children.
The abuser has threatened to harm or kill a household pet. In one study, 57% of survivors had their pet killed by an abusive partner.
Financial dependence; leaving may involve a choice between violence and poverty
Women who leave a partner to raise children alone are over five times more likely to live in poverty than if they stay Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, 2009
Fear of losing custody of children associated with divorce
A divorced woman is seen and portrayed as immoral in many cultures.
Relatives or in-laws may blame the victim for the violence and insist she stay
Most women are raised with strong beliefs about keeping the family together
World Health Organization, “Violence against women.” November 2017.
World Health Organization, “Global and regional estimates of violence against women.” 2013.
Statistics Canada, “Women in Canada: A Gender-based Statistical Report, 2017.” July 2018.
Burczycka, Marta Burczycka; “Family violence in Canada: A statistical profile, 2017.” December 2018.
Canadian Council for Refugees, “Violence against newcomer women.”
Beattie, Sara and Hope Hutchins; “Shelters for abused women in Canada.” 2014.
UN Women, “Facts and figures: Ending violence against women.” November 2018.
Sinha, Maire; “Family violence in Canada: A statistical profile.” 2011.
Canadian Femicide Observatory for Justice and Accountability, “Trends & Patterns in Femicide.”
Canadian Women’s Foundation, “The Facts about Gender-Based Violence.”
Department of Justice Canada, “An Estimation of the Economic Impact of Spousal Violence in Canada.” 2009.
Centre for Policy Alternatives, “The Gap in the Gender Gap: Violence Against Women in Canada.” July 2013.
UNICEF, “Behind Closed Doors: The Impact of Domestic Violence on Children.” 2006.
Royal Canadian Mounted Police, “The Effects Of Family Violence On Children.” 2012.
University of Toronto, “The association between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and suicide attempts in a population-based study.” 2016.
Bender, Eve; American Psychiatric Association, “PTSD, Other Disorders Evident in Kids Who Witness Domestic Violence.” June 2004.
Human Services Alberta, “Child Abuse/Children Exposed to Violence Information Sheet.” October 2008.
Johnson, Holly; Statistics Canada, “Measuring Violence Against Women: Statistical Trends.” 2006.
Envision Counselling And Support Centre, “Animal Abuse and Family Violence.” 2012.
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