In 2018, 30,000 women were killed around the world by Intimate Partner Domestic Violence.

Violence against women is a global pandemic that takes many forms.

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Worldwide, one in three women have experienced physical or sexual violence. World Health Organization

VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN WORLDWIDE

Western Pacific Region: 24.6%
European Region: 25.4%
Region of the Americas: 29.8%
African Region: 36.6%
Eastern Mediterranean Region: 37%
Southeast Asian Region: 37.7%
High-income countries: 23.2%
World Health Organization
Violence against women is a serious global issue. It affects every society, regardless of culture, religion or social class.
In high-income countries like the United States and Canada, at least one in five women have experienced gender-based violence. World Health Organization
Indigenous women in Canada are 2.5 times more likely to be victims of violence than non-Indigenous women. Status of Women Canada
Women with physical and cognitive impairments experience violence two to three times more often than women living without impairments. Violence Against Women with DisAbilities and Deaf Women: an overview, 2013
Immigrant and refugee women may suffer forms of abuse unique to the newcomer experience. Canadian Council for Refugees

Particular barriers faced by newcomer and refugee women.

  • economic dependence
  • language barriers
  • changing family dynamics
  • fear of deportation
  • distrust of authorities
Every night in Canada, nearly 3,500 women and their 2,700 children sleep in shelters because they are not safe at home. Shelters for Abused Women in Canada, 2014, Statistics Canada

Every night, 300 women and children in Canada are turned away from shelters because there is no space for them. Shelters for Abused Women in Canada, 2014, Statistics Canada

Intimate partner violence is the
most common form of violence experienced by women globally. UN Women
Intimate partner violence can include:
  • Physical Assault
  • Sexual Violence
  • Emotional Abuse
  • Controlling Behaviours
  • slapping
  • hitting
  • kicking
  • beating
  • forced intercourse
  • sexual coercion
  • insults
  • name-calling
  • belittling
  • humiliation
  • intimidation
  • threats of harm
  • threats to take away children
  • isolating a person from family & friends
  • monitoring movements
  • restricting access to financial resources, employment, education or medical care
Often, a single victim experiences more than one type of violence.
“Domestic violence is the single biggest problem we deal with on a daily basis.” Toronto Police Officer
In Canada, intimate partner violence accounts for nearly one third of all violent crimes reported to police. Family violence in Canada: A statistical profile, 2017
Domestic violence is a crime.
Not all countries have laws
to protect women
from abuse. UN Women
The impact of intimate partner violence is devastating.

Globally, 38% of all murders of women are committed by a male intimate partner. World Health Organization

In Canada in 2015, nearly half (48%) of all murders of women were committed by an intimate partner. Canadian Femicide Observatory for Justice and Accountability

Indigenous women in Canada are six times more likely to be killed than non-Indigenous women. Statistics Canada, 2014

On average, every six days a woman in Canada is killed by her intimate partner. Canadian Women’s Foundation/Statistics Canada

Women who experience intimate partner violence are:

Almost twice as likely
to have alcohol use
disorders.
Twice as likely
to experience
depression.

World Health Organization

64% of women experiencing intimate partner violence exhibit symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). World Health Organization
Domestic violence costs taxpayers and governments billions of dollars every year.

Canadians spend $9 billion each year to deal with the aftermath of sexual assault and intimate partner violence. Department of Justice Canada


THE COST OF INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE AND SEXUAL ASSAULT:
$9,000,000,000

victim costs 65%

sexual assault 20%

justice system 6%

social services 4%

impact on children 3%

other third party costs 2%

Domestic violence hurts children.
Every year in Canada,
an estimated 362,000 children
witness or experience family violence.
“Witnessing family violence is as harmful as experiencing it directly.” Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Children who witness repeated acts* of
parental domestic violence are twice as likely
to attempt suicide. University of Toronto *10 or more acts by the age of 16
Studies have found an association between
intimate partner violence and child abuse within
the same household. World Health Organization
Children who witness violence in the home are more likely to:
Develop psychiatric disorders
Experience abnormal brain development
Display anxiety, aggression, bullying and phobias
Become victims or abusers later in life
The most dangerous time for an abused woman is when she attempts to leave her abuser. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
About 26% of all women
murdered by their partner

had left the relationship.
In one study, half of the murdered women were killed within two months of leaving. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
With limited options, women often stay in abusive relationships in order to protect themselves and their children.
Reasons why women often stay in a violent relationship:
  • FEAR OF RETALIATION
  • LACK OF ECONOMIC SUPPORT
  • SOCIAL STATUS AND SHAME

The abuser has threatened to kill her if she leaves, or to kill himself, or to kill the children.

The abuser has threatened to harm or kill a household pet. In one study, 57% of survivors had their pet killed by an abusive partner.

Financial dependence; leaving may involve a choice between violence and poverty

Women who leave a partner to raise children alone are over five times more likely to live in poverty than if they stay Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, 2009

Fear of losing custody of children associated with divorce

A divorced woman is seen and portrayed as immoral in many cultures.

Relatives or in-laws may blame the victim for the violence and insist she stay

Most women are raised with strong beliefs about keeping the family together

The vast majority of victims of intimate partner violence are women.
In 2017, there were 96,000 victims of intimate partner violence in Canada — 79% were women. Family violence in Canada, a statistical profile, 2017

Women are about four times more likely than men to be victims of intimate partner homicide. Statistics Canada
There is help for anyone experiencing intimate partner violence.
Are you currently experiencing abuse in your intimate relationship?

Do you think someone you know is being abused?

Learn about an inspiring film about resilience and survival.

Welcome to EndPartnerViolence.ca.
Here you will find information about Intimate Partner Violence —
how to identify it, where it occurs and the impact on families and communities.
This site was developed by a team of Canadian filmmakers, whose documentary film
Untying the Knot highlights the resilience of survivors.

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Sources

World Health Organization, “Violence against women.” November 2017.
https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/violence-against-women

World Health Organization, “Global and regional estimates of violence against women.” 2013.
https://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/publications/violence/9789241564625/en/

Statistics Canada, “Women in Canada: A Gender-based Statistical Report, 2017.” July 2018.
https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/en/catalogue/89-503-X

Burczycka, Marta Burczycka; “Family violence in Canada: A statistical profile, 2017.” December 2018.
https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/85-002-x/2018001/article/54978-eng.htm

Canadian Council for Refugees, “Violence against newcomer women.”
http://ccrweb.ca/en/violence-against-women

Beattie, Sara and Hope Hutchins; “Shelters for abused women in Canada.” 2014.
https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/85-002-x/2015001/article/14207-eng.htm

UN Women, “Facts and figures: Ending violence against women.” November 2018.
http://www.unwomen.org/en/what-we-do/ending-violence-against-women/facts-and-figures

Sinha, Maire; “Family violence in Canada: A statistical profile.” 2011.
https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/85-002-x/2013001/article/11805/11805-3-eng.htm

Canadian Femicide Observatory for Justice and Accountability, “Trends & Patterns in Femicide.”
https://femicideincanada.ca/about/trends

Canadian Women’s Foundation, “The Facts about Gender-Based Violence.”
https://www.canadianwomen.org/the-facts/gender-based-violence/

Department of Justice Canada, “An Estimation of the Economic Impact of Spousal Violence in Canada.” 2009.
https://www.justice.gc.ca/eng/rp-pr/cj-jp/fv-vf/rr12_7/rr12_7.pdf

Centre for Policy Alternatives, “The Gap in the Gender Gap: Violence Against Women in Canada.” July 2013.
https://www.policyalternatives.ca/sites/default/files/uploads/publications/National%20Office/2013/07/Gap_in_Gender_Gap_VAW.pdf

UNICEF, “Behind Closed Doors: The Impact of Domestic Violence on Children.” 2006.
https://www.unicef.org/media/files/BehindClosedDoors.pdf

Royal Canadian Mounted Police, “The Effects Of Family Violence On Children.” 2012.
http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/cp-pc/chi-enf-abu-eng.htm

University of Toronto, “The association between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and suicide attempts in a population-based study.” 2016.
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/cch.12351

Bender, Eve; American Psychiatric Association, “PTSD, Other Disorders Evident in Kids Who Witness Domestic Violence.” June 2004.
https://psychnews.psychiatryonline.org/doi/full/10.1176/pn.39.11.0390014a?trendmd-shared=1

Human Services Alberta, “Child Abuse/Children Exposed to Violence Information Sheet.” October 2008.
http://www.humanservices.alberta.ca/documents/PFVB0399-children-exposed-to-family-violence.pdf

Johnson, Holly; Statistics Canada, “Measuring Violence Against Women: Statistical Trends.” 2006.
https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/85-570-x/85-570-x2006001-eng.htm

Envision Counselling And Support Centre, “Animal Abuse and Family Violence.” 2012.
http://envisioncounsellingcentre.com/innerpage/resources/animal-abuse-and-family-violence/

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